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Analog 6.0: Debugging

This section lists commands to help you debug analog, if you think it's going wrong. There's another section later which lists all the errors and warnings which analog can generate, and what they all mean, and another section which tells you how to report bugs.

First, remember the option we mentioned before, to list the current settings of all of analog's variables. To get this, just put -settings on the command line, or SETTINGS ON in one of your configuration files, along with your other commands. Then analog will produce the list of settings instead of running in the normal way.

There are commands which control how much debugging information and warning information analog gives out while it is running. By default you get all the warnings and no debugging, but you can change this by means of the commands DEBUG and WARNINGS. If you say
you get all the debugging. (And DEBUG OFF turns it all off.) You can also get just certain categories of debugging. The categories are
list all corrupt logfile lines
information about DNS lookups
information about file opening and closing
summary information about each logfile when it's closed
list unknown domains
list hosts without a domain (i.e., without a dot)
So, for example, the command
would give you information about file opening and closing, and what was in each logfile, but none of the other sorts of debugging. Each line of debugging information is prepended with its code letter. You can also specify
to add C and D category debugging to whatever you've already got, and
to remove those two categories.

There is also a command line abbreviation for this command. Use +V (for ON), -V (for OFF), +VFS (to select exactly options FS), +V+FS (to add those options), and +V-FS (to remove them).

The C messages actually come on two lines. The first line gives the logfile line which was corrupt. The second line indicates where analog first noticed a problem. (This is usually, but not always, close to where the problem actually was!) In fact, each "line" of the message may spread over more than one line on your screen, and you have to be careful to take that into account when trying to find out where the logfile line was corrupt.

The WARNINGS command acts similarly to the DEBUG command (see the syntax above). By default all warnings are on. As well as WARNINGS ON and WARNINGS OFF, you can turn warnings on and off in the following categories.
invalid configuration specified
dubious configuration specified
ERRFILE command used (see below)
files missing or corrupt
apparent problems in logfiles
possible problems in logfiles
turning off empty reports
See the section on Errors and warnings for more details about the various categories. Again, warnings are printed with their code letters.

Warnings range from the probably harmless to the usually serious. So it is generally not a good idea to turn all warnings off, or you might miss some important information. If you want to ignore a particular warning, turn just its category off.

There is also a command line version of the WARNINGS command, looking like +q, -q, +q<options>, +q+<options> or +q-<options>. (The syntax is the same as the +V command above.)

By default all these messages go to standard error, which is normally just the screen. But you can change that by means of a command like
ERRFILE newfile
If you do this, analog will warn you that it's redirecting the messages, just so that you don't miss any. To change back to standard error, use
ERRFILE stderr
The ERRFILE command will also erase any previous contents of that file. (So don't use the same ERRFILE command twice, or you may lose messages!) If the name of the ERRFILE doesn't include a directory, it will be put in whichever directory was specified for that purpose when the program was compiled. For example, on Windows it would be in the same folder as the analog executable.
There is a command called ERRLINELENGTH to tell analog the width of screen you want these messages to fit in. As a special case,
specifies an unlimited screen width.
There is one more command which is useful when trying to debug analog. If you give the command
PROGRESSFREQ 20000  # say
then analog will produce a little message after every 20,000 lines it reads from the logfile. (This message is sent to the screen and to the ERRFILE.) This is useful to determine whether the program has really stopped or (as is more likely) is just being slow for some reason (such as using DNS lookups).
There is just one more section about analog's configuration commands and command line arguments, but it's a rather long one, on the form interface. (This is a way of running analog by selecting options from a web page.) You might prefer to go straight onto the section on What the results mean.
Go to the analog home page.

Stephen Turner
19 December 2004

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